Skip to main content

Shabbat times REST API

Much like our full Jewish calendar REST API, we offer a simple API for getting just this week’s Shabbat times and Torah Portion. Two output formats are supported: JSON and RSS.

The basic URL format is as follows:

https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?cfg=json&geonameid=3448439&M=on

Note the following customizable parameters and their meanings:

  • cfg=json – output format is JSON (cfg=json) or RSS (cfg=r)
  • b=18 – Candle-lighting time minutes before sunset (the default is 18). For Jerusalem, the default is b=40
  • M=on – Havdalah at nightfall – tzeit hakochavim, the point when 3 small stars are observable in the night sky with the naked eye (sun 8.5° below the horizon). This option is an excellent default for most places on the planet)
  • m=50 – Havdalah 50 minutes after sundown. This option is available for those whose minhag is to end Shabbat a fixed number of minutes after sundown. Typically one would enter 42 min for three medium-sized stars, 50 min for three small stars, 72 min for Rabbeinu Tam, or 0 to suppress Havdalah times. Set to m=0 (zero) to disable Havdalah times
  • a=off – use Sephardic (a=off) or Ashkenazis transliterations (a=on)
  • leyning=off – include Torah and Haftarah for regular Shabbat (default on)

You must specify a location for candle-lighting times:

  • geo=geoname – location specified by GeoNames.org numeric ID
    • requires additional parameter geonameid=3448439
    • Hebcal.com supports over 100,000 different GeoNames IDs. These are world cities with a population of 1,000 or more. See cities1000.zip from https://download.geonames.org/export/dump/.
  • geo=zip – location specified by United States ZIP code
    • requires additional parameter zip=90210
  • geo=pos – location specified by latitude, longitude, and timezone. Requires additional 3 parameters:
    • latitude=[-90.0 to 90.0] – latitude in decimal format (e.g. 31.76904 or -23.5475)
    • longitude=[-180.0 to 180.0] – longitude decimal format (e.g. 35.21633 or -46.63611)
    • tzid=TimezoneIdentifier. See List of tz database time zones. Be sure to use the “TZ database name” such as America/New_York or Europe/Paris, not a UTC offset
  • geo=city – location specified by one of ~400 legacy city identifiers
    • requires additional parameter city=GB-London
    • deprecated: geo=geoname is preferred

You may optionally specify a language parameter lg={s,a,h,es,de,ru,fr,…} for event name transliterations.

You can optionally specify an exact date, for example 13 February 2021. If unspecified, defaults to today.

  • gy=2021&gm=2&gd=13

As with all Hebcal.com REST APIs:

  • Both HTTP and HTTPS (HTTP/2) are supported. Although most of the Web has moved to HTTPS, if you wish to reduce CPU overhead on your client you may continue to use plain (port 80) HTTP for API requests
  • We encourage HTTP caching proxies. Proper Cache-Control and Expires are generated in the response
  • We support both gzip and br (brotli) compression; set the appropriate Accept-Encoding header in your request to enable
  • We support HTTP Keep-Alive for multiple requests

Example output

JSON (cfg=json)
{
  "title": "Hebcal São Paulo February 2015",
  "date": "2022-05-30T17:42:57.551Z",
  "location": {
    "title": "São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil",
    "city": "São Paulo",
    "tzid": "America/Sao_Paulo",
    "latitude": -23.5475,
    "longitude": -46.63611,
    "cc": "BR",
    "country": "Brazil",
    "admin1": "Sao Paulo",
    "asciiname": "Sao Paulo",
    "geo": "geoname",
    "geonameid": 3448439
  },
  "range": {
    "start": "2015-02-20",
    "end": "2015-02-21"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "title": "Rosh Chodesh Adar",
      "date": "2015-02-20",
      "hdate": "1 Adar 5775",
      "category": "roshchodesh",
      "hebrew": "ראש חודש אדר",
      "leyning": {
        "1": "Numbers 28:1-28:3",
        "2": "Numbers 28:3-28:5",
        "3": "Numbers 28:6-28:10",
        "4": "Numbers 28:11-28:15",
        "torah": "Numbers 28:1-15"
      },
      "link": "https://hebcal.com/h/rosh-chodesh-adar-2015?us=js&um=api",
      "memo": "Start of month of Adar on the Hebrew calendar. Adar (אַדָר) is the 12th month of the Hebrew year, has 29 days, and corresponds to February or March on the Gregorian calendar.  רֹאשׁ חוֹדֶשׁ, transliterated Rosh Chodesh or Rosh Hodesh, is a minor holiday that occurs at the beginning of every month in the Hebrew calendar. It is marked by the birth of a new moon"
    },
    {
      "title": "Candle lighting: 7:25pm",
      "date": "2015-02-20T19:25:00-02:00",
      "category": "candles",
      "title_orig": "Candle lighting",
      "hebrew": "הדלקת נרות",
      "memo": "Parashat Terumah"
    },
    {
      "title": "Parashat Terumah",
      "date": "2015-02-21",
      "hdate": "2 Adar 5775",
      "category": "parashat",
      "hebrew": "פרשת תרומה",
      "leyning": {
        "1": "Exodus 25:1-25:16",
        "2": "Exodus 25:17-25:30",
        "3": "Exodus 25:31-26:14",
        "4": "Exodus 26:15-26:30",
        "5": "Exodus 26:31-26:37",
        "6": "Exodus 27:1-27:8",
        "7": "Exodus 27:9-27:19",
        "torah": "Exodus 25:1-27:19",
        "haftarah": "I Kings 5:26-6:13",
        "maftir": "Exodus 27:17-27:19",
        "triennial": {
          "1": "Exodus 26:1-26:3",
          "2": "Exodus 26:4-26:6",
          "3": "Exodus 26:7-26:11",
          "4": "Exodus 26:12-26:14",
          "5": "Exodus 26:15-26:21",
          "6": "Exodus 26:22-26:25",
          "7": "Exodus 26:26-26:30",
          "maftir": "Exodus 26:26-26:30"
        }
      },
      "link": "https://hebcal.com/s/terumah-20150221?us=js&um=api"
    },
    {
      "title": "Havdalah: 8:17pm",
      "date": "2015-02-21T20:17:00-02:00",
      "category": "havdalah",
      "title_orig": "Havdalah",
      "hebrew": "הבדלה"
    }
  ]
}
RSS (cfg=r)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<rss version="2.0"
  xmlns:geo="http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#"
  xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
  <channel>
    <title>Shabbat Times for São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil</title>
    <link>https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;utm_source=shabbat1c&amp;utm_medium=rss</link>
    <atom:link href="https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?cfg=r&amp;geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;pubDate=0" rel="self" type="application/rss+xml" />
    <description>Weekly Shabbat candle lighting times for São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil</description>
    <language>en</language>
    <copyright>Copyright (c) 2022 Michael J. Radwin. All rights reserved.</copyright>
    <lastBuildDate>Mon, 30 May 2022 17:47:38 GMT</lastBuildDate>
    <item>
      <title>Rosh Chodesh Adar</title>
      <link>https://hebcal.com/h/rosh-chodesh-adar-2015?us=shabbat1c&amp;um=rss</link>
      <guid isPermaLink="false">https://www.hebcal.com/holidays/rosh-chodesh-adar-2015#20150220-rosh-chodesh-adar</guid>
      <description>Start of month of Adar on the Hebrew calendar. Adar (אַדָר) is the 12th month of the Hebrew year, has 29 days, and corresponds to February or March on the Gregorian calendar.  רֹאשׁ חוֹדֶשׁ, transliterated Rosh Chodesh or Rosh Hodesh, is a minor holiday that occurs at the beginning of every month in the Hebrew calendar. It is marked by the birth of a new moon</description>
      <category>roshchodesh</category>
      <pubDate>Mon, 30 May 2022 17:47:38 GMT</pubDate>
    </item>
    <item>
      <title>Candle lighting: 7:25pm</title>
      <link>https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;dt=2015-02-20&amp;utm_source=shabbat1c&amp;utm_medium=rss#20150220-candle-lighting</link>
      <guid isPermaLink="false">https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;dt=2015-02-20#20150220-candle-lighting</guid>
      <description>Friday, February 20, 2015</description>
      <category>candles</category>
      <pubDate>Mon, 30 May 2022 17:47:38 GMT</pubDate>
      <geo:lat>-23.5475</geo:lat>
      <geo:long>-46.63611</geo:long>
    </item>
    <item>
      <title>Parashat Terumah</title>
      <link>https://hebcal.com/s/terumah-20150221?us=shabbat1c&amp;um=rss</link>
      <guid isPermaLink="false">https://www.hebcal.com/sedrot/terumah-20150221#20150221-parashat-terumah</guid>
      <description>Torah: Exodus 25:1-27:19
Haftarah: I Kings 5:26-6:13</description>
      <category>parashat</category>
      <pubDate>Mon, 30 May 2022 17:47:38 GMT</pubDate>
    </item>
    <item>
      <title>Havdalah: 8:17pm</title>
      <link>https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;dt=2015-02-21&amp;utm_source=shabbat1c&amp;utm_medium=rss#20150221-havdalah</link>
      <guid isPermaLink="false">https://www.hebcal.com/shabbat?geonameid=3448439&amp;M=on&amp;lg=s&amp;dt=2015-02-21#20150221-havdalah</guid>
      <description>Saturday, February 21, 2015</description>
      <category>havdalah</category>
      <pubDate>Mon, 30 May 2022 17:47:38 GMT</pubDate>
    </item>
  </channel>
</rss>