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Tishrei 5783 updates

We’ve released a few minor improvements to the Hebcal website during the past month.


Birkat HaChama is a rare Jewish blessing recited once every 28 years thanking G-d for creating the sun. The holiday will occur next on Wednesday, 8 April 2037.

Purim Meshulash, or three-fold Purim, is a rare calendric occurrence that affects how Purim is observed in Jerusalem. When Shushan Purim (Adar 15) falls on the Sabbath, the holiday is celebrated over a period of three days.

Shushan Purim Katan is a minor Purim celebration during Adar I on leap years observed in Jerusalem and walled cities.

Modern Israeli holidays

Custom calendars that include both “Modern Holidays” and “Israel holiday schedule” options now include Family Day / יוֹם הַמִשׁפָּחָה and four Israeli national holidays recognized by the Knesset:

  • Yitzhak Rabin Memorial Day / יוֹם הַזִּכָּרוֹן ליצחק רבין is observed on the 12th of Cheshvan, and commemorates the life of Zionist leader and Israeli Prime Minister and Defense Minister, Yitzhak Rabin
  • Ben-Gurion Day / יום בן־גוריון is observed on the 6th of Kislev, and commemorates the life and vision of Zionist leader, and Israel’s first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
  • Herzl Day / יוֹם הרצל is observed on the 10th of Iyar, and commemorates the life and vision of Zionist leader Theodor Herzl
  • Jabotinsky Day / יוֹם ז׳בוטינסקי is observed on the 29th of Tammuz, and commemorates the life and vision of Zionist leader Ze’ev Jabotinsky


Added Ukrainian translations of holiday names, courtesy Lyubov Kuzmyn

Daf Yomi in Hebrew is now displayed with the page number in gematriya (e.g. כתובות דף פ״ג) instead of Arabic numerals (e.g. כתובות 83)

Legacy CSV export of non-English calendar files now open more reliably in Microsoft Excel on Windows 10 and Windows 11 due to addition of a UTF-8 Byte Order Mark at the beginning of the file.

Torah Reading

Special Haftarah for Shabbat Shuvah differs when read w/Vayeilech vs. Ha’Azinu.

  • The Haftarah for Shabbat Shuva (with Vayeilech) is Hosea 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20
  • The Haftarah for Shabbat Shuva (with Ha’Azinu) differs for Ashkenazim (Hosea 14:2-10; Joel 2:15-27) and Sephardim (Hosea 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20)

Developer APIs

Leyning (Torah Reading) API – full kriyah leyning on Shabbat and holidays, Triennial (optionally) for Shabbat, and weekday readings on Mondays & Thursdays.

Optional &sec=1 parameter for Zmanim API to enable exact seconds.

Shana Tova & G’mar Chatima Tova!

We wish you a good inscription in the Book of Life.

5782 Year in Review

As we begin the month of Elul, a new year is on the horizon. We’ve been hard at work this past year making Hebcal easier to use and a more complete resource. What follows is a summary of the changes we’ve made (major and minor) since Rosh Hashana 5782.

Hebrew Date Converter

When the parsha haShavua differs between Israel & Diaspora on a given date, we now display both Torah Readings.

Added a toggle switch to show/hide Hebrew nekudot in Hebrew date.

Now using Adobe Hebrew font (licensed) instead of SBL Hebrew.

For Hebrew dates earlier than 5000 or later than 6000, show thousands years. For example, year 4639 is now rendered ד׳תרל״ט. When specifying years of the Hebrew calendar in the present millennium, we omit the thousands (which is presently 5 [ה]).

Mishna Yomi & Yom Kippur Katan

We’ve added two new dedicated calendar feeds:

Mishna Yomi is a program of daily learning in which participants study two Mishnayot each day in order to finish the entire Mishnah in ~6 years. We’ve added calendar feed and RSS feed.

Yom Kippur Katan (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר קָטָן) is a minor day of atonement occurring monthly on the day preceding each Rosh Chodesh.

Counting of the Omer

We introduced an entirely new collection of pages dedicated to the Counting of the Omer. The counting of the Omer (or Sefirat Ha’omer, Hebrew: ספירת העומר) is a verbal counting of each of the forty-nine days between the Jewish holidays of Passover and Shavuot. The pages include the daily count in Hebrew and English and the Sefira, such as חֶֽסֶד שֶׁבְּנֶּֽצַח (Lovingkindness within Eternity).

Shabbat & holiday candle-lighting times

Added Havdalah times to the Candle-lighting Times Year at a Glance tool. Print an entire year of Shabbat and holiday candle lighting times and Parashat haShavuah (weekly Torah Portion) on a single page.

We expanded our city database to over 100,000 world cities (any city with a population greater than 1,000). Our Israel city database now includes all cities in Israel, and we improved our Hebrew-language city name search.

Downloads / Calendar export

Historical calendar downloads are now available as far back as 1900.

Apple calendar subscriptions can now pick a preferred color. We made it easier to subscribe to calendar feeds for users. We removed Outlook for Mac as a download option.

We introduced a new, shorter iCalendar download URL format to avoid limitations in some browsers and calendar apps with extremely long (> 255 character) URLs.

Torah Readings

Each parsha now includes a short English-language summary, courtesy of Sefaria. Added Torah commentary links to the website of Rabbi Jonathan Sacks z”l

We now display any special maftir/Haftarah more prominently. When a regular parsha coincides with a date that includes a special reading, we display an asterisk and the reason for the special reading.

Added weekday Torah readings for Shabbat mincha, Monday & Thursday. These display both on the parsha web pages and are also available as a CSV file download.

Add links to on parsha pages and replace World ORT Navigating the Bible audio links with Sefaria’s PocketTorah

Include Mincha holiday readings in CSV files.

Corrected several errors in Torah Readings:

  • Israel Pesach Day 5 Chol HaMoed readings
  • Corrected readings for Shabbat Chanukah maftir. Previously the maftir assumed that the entire daily Chanukah reading was used, but when Shabbat falls on the 2nd-5th day of Chanukah, only the first 6 p’sukim are read as maftir.
  • Number of verses for Deuteronomy chapter 5

In November 2020, the CJLS modified the triennial cycle for some combined parshiyot to change the reading for year 3 to be the third section of the parashah. Modification of the Triennial Cycle Readings for Combined Parashot in Certain Years, Rabbi Miles B. Cohen

Implemented the Triennial alternative Haftara

Fixed Triennial reading for Vayakhel-Pekudei in year 5831-5833. Implement variation “G” for Separate / Separate / Separate readings for the given 3-year cycle per the paper “An Emendation to Richard Eisenberg’s Complete Triennial System for Reading Torah, to Address a Rare Situation”

Localizations / Language support

  • Added Romanian and Romanian (Ashkenazic), courtesy Florin-Ciprian Bodin (@orynider)
  • Ability to choose between Hebrew with nikud (e.g. רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה) and without nikud (e.g. ראש השנה)
  • Render Rosh Chodesh Teves and Asara B'Teves when using Ashkenazi transliterations


Refreshed our Privacy Policy, clarifying any use, retention and disclosure of Your Personal Data. Added GDPR Data Protection Rights and CCPA Privacy Rights sections.

Removed use of Google Analytics (now using Matomo Analytics).

Developer APIs

When specifying location in an API call using latitude and longitude, we now guess the intended timezone if it’s missing from the parameters. Previously we would assume UTC or return an error to the client.

Jewish Calendar API

Add heDateParts for HebrewDateEvents. For example:

  "title": "14th of Av",
  "date": "2022-08-11",
  "hdate": "14 Av 5782",
  "category": "hebdate",
  "title_orig": "14 Av 5782",
  "hebrew": "י״ד אב",
  "heDateParts": {
    "y": "תשפ״ב",
    "m": "אב",
    "d": "י״ד"

Add range with start/end to header.

    title: 'Hebcal March 2022',
    date: '2022-05-15T14:38:52.694Z',
    range: {
      start: '2022-03-04',
      end: '2022-03-04',
    items: [
        title: '1st of Adar II, 5782',
        date: '2022-03-04',
        hdate: '1 Adar II 5782',
        category: 'hebdate',
        title_orig: '1 Adar II 5782',
        hebrew: 'א׳ אדר ב׳',

Improved Counting of the Omer in JSON:

    title: '46th day of the Omer',
    date: '2010-05-15',
    hdate: '2 Sivan 5770',
    category: 'omer',
    title_orig: 'Omer 46',
    hebrew: 'עומר יום 46',
    link: '',
    omer: {
      count: {
        en: 'Today is 46 days, which is 6 weeks and 4 days of the Omer',
        he: 'הַיוֹם שִׁשָׁה וְאַרְבָּעִים יוֹם, שְׁהֵם שִׁשָׁה שָׁבוּעוֹת וְאַרְבָּעָה יָמִים לָעוֹמֶר',
      sefira: {
        en: 'Eternity within Majesty',
        he: 'נֶּֽצַח שֶׁבְּמַּלְכוּת',
        translit: 'Netzach sheb\'Malkhut',
Shabbat Javascript

Changed the Add Shabbat Times to your Website tool to use the modern Fetch API to avoid render-blocking JavaScript

Zmanim API

Add Latest Shema and Latest Shacharit according to Magen Avraham (MGA)

Mishna Yomi

We’re pleased to announce support for Mishna Yomi! This 6-year program of daily learning includes two Mishnayot each day in order to finish the entire Mishnah.

Mishna Yomi is also referred to as משנה יומית, Mishnah Yomi, Mishna Yomit, or Mishna Yomis. You can subscribe to the 7-year calendar feed here:

Here is an example of what the calendar looks like.

January 2022


Berakhot 3:2-3

Berakhot 3:4-5

Berakhot 3:6-4:1

Berakhot 4:2-3

Berakhot 4:4-5

Berakhot 4:6-7

Berakhot 5:1-2

Berakhot 5:3-4

Berakhot 5:5-6:1

Berakhot 6:2-3

Berakhot 6:4-5

Berakhot 6:6-7

Berakhot 6:8-7:1

Berakhot 7:2-3

Berakhot 7:4-5

Berakhot 8:1-2

Berakhot 8:3-4

Berakhot 8:5-6

Berakhot 8:7-8

Berakhot 9:1-2

Berakhot 9:3-4

Berakhot 9:5-Peah 1:1

Peah 1:2-3

Peah 1:4-5

Peah 1:6-2:1

Peah 2:2-3

Peah 2:4-5

Peah 2:6-7

Peah 2:8-3:1

Peah 3:2-3

Peah 3:4-5

Enjoy your learning!

Triennial Torah Reading revision

Hebcal triennial Torah readings have been updated to reflect the November 2020 responsa from the Committee on Jewish Law and Standards of the Rabbinical Assembly.

The CJLS modified the triennial cycle for some combined parshiyot to change the reading for year 3 to be the third section of the parashah.

The following parshiyot have been modified:

Further details are available in the responsa: Modification of the Triennial Cycle Readings for Combined Parashot in Certain Years, Rabbi Miles B. Cohen, November 16, 2020

Hebcal for Apple Watch beta

We’re pleased to announce a public beta of Hebcal on the Apple Watch! Sign up for Hebcal Watch Beta so we can collect your feedback and improve the app.

Hebcal Hebrew Calendar provides watch face complications with today’s Hebrew date and this week’s Torah portion. The watch app displays the next 60 days of Hebrew/Gregorian dates and upcoming Jewish holidays. No frills, no gimmicks, no notifications, just an easy way to glance at the date and parsha.

The Hebrew date and weekly Torah portion can be displayed as transliterations in Sephardic (e.g. “Shabbat” or “Sukkot”) or Ashkenazi (e.g. “Shabbos” or “Sukkos”) or in Hebrew (e.g. “שַׁבָּת” or “סוּכּוֹת”).

Select Israel from the settings if you are based in Israel and want to see the Israeli Jewish holiday & Torah reading schedule. The default setting is for Diaspora (outside of Israel).

The app requires an iPhone with iOS 13.0 or later and an Apple Watch® with watchOS 7.0 or later. The app requires an iPhone to install, but there is no companion iPhone app. It runs only on the watch.

As of September 2021, there are two ways to get the watch app:

  1. Sign up for Hebcal Watch Beta so we can collect your feedback and improve the app! The public beta installs via TestFlight, which will let you get early access to any new features
  2. Install the released version of the app directly from the App Store:

iPhone and Android apps will come eventually. Please stay tuned!

If have an iPhone but no Apple Watch, you can still get Hebcal holidays on your device via our download/subscribe process.

G’mar Chatima Tova

גְּמַר חֲתִימָה טוֹבָה