Jewish Holidays 2019-2020

Dates of major and minor Jewish holidays for Hebrew Year 5780. Each holiday page includes a brief overview of special observances and customs, and any special Torah readings.

All holidays begin at sundown on the evening before the date specified in the tables below. For example, if the dates for Rosh Hashana were listed as -, then the holiday begins at sundown on Sep 29 and ends at nightfall on Oct 1.

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Major holidays

Holidays begin at sundown on the evening before the date specified.

Dates in bold are yom tov, so they have similar obligations and restrictions to Shabbat in the sense that normal "work" is forbidden.

HolidayDatesDescription
Rosh Hashana -, 2019 M‑Tu The Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur W Day of Atonement
Sukkot -, 2019 M‑Tu
-, 2019 W‑Su
Feast of Tabernacles
Shmini Atzeret M Eighth Day of Assembly
Simchat Torah Tu Day of Celebrating the Torah
Chanukah -, 2019 M‑M The Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the Festival of Lights
Purim Tu Purim is one of the most joyous and fun holidays on the Jewish calendar
Pesach -, 2020 Th‑F
-, 2020 Sa‑Tu
-, 2020 W‑Th
Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread
Shavuot -, 2020 F‑Sa Festival of Weeks, commemorates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai
Tish'a B'Av Th The Ninth of Av, fast commemorating the destruction of the two Temples

Minor holidays

HolidayDatesDescription
Tu BiShvat M New Year for Trees
Purim Katan Minor Purim celebration during Adar I on leap years
Shushan Purim W Purim celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities
Days of the Omer 7 weeks from the second night of Pesach to the day before Shavuot
Pesach Sheni F Second Passover, one month after Passover
Lag BaOmer Tu 33rd day of counting the Omer
Tu B'Av W Jewish holiday of love, similar to Valentine's Day
Leil Selichot Sep 12, 2020 Sa Prayers for forgiveness in preparation for the High Holidays

Minor fasts

HolidayDatesDescription
Tzom Gedaliah Oct 2, 2019 W Fast of the Seventh Month, commemorates the assassination of the Jewish governor of Judah
Asara B'Tevet Jan 7, 2020 Tu Fast commemorating the siege of Jerusalem
Ta'anit Esther Mar 9, 2020 M Fast of Esther
Ta'anit Bechorot Apr 8, 2020 W Fast of the First Born
Tzom Tammuz Jul 9, 2020 Th Fast commemorating breaching of the walls of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Second Temple

Modern holidays

HolidayDatesDescription
Yom HaShoah Tu Holocaust Memorial Day
Yom HaZikaron Tu Israeli Memorial Day
Yom HaAtzma'ut W Israeli Independence Day
Yom Yerushalayim F Jerusalem Day
Yom HaAliyah Tu Recognizes Aliyah, immigration to the Jewish State of Israel
Sigd W Ethiopian Jewish holiday occurring 50 days after Yom Kippur

Special Shabbatot

HolidayDatesDescription
Shabbat Shuva Sa Shabbat that falls between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur (Shabbat of Returning)
Shabbat Shekalim Sa Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Adar
Shabbat Zachor Sa Shabbat before Purim
Shabbat Parah Sa Shabbat of the Red Heifer
Shabbat HaChodesh Sa Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Nissan
Shabbat HaGadol Sa Shabbat before Pesach
Shabbat Chazon Sa Shabbat before Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Prophecy/Shabbat of Vision)
Shabbat Nachamu Sa Shabbat after Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Consolation)
Shabbat Rosh Chodesh When Shabbat falls on Rosh Chodesh
Shabbat Machar Chodesh When Shabbat falls the day before Rosh Chodesh

Rosh Chodesh

HolidayDatesDescription
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan Tu Beginning of new Hebrew month of Cheshvan
Rosh Chodesh Kislev Th Beginning of new Hebrew month of Kislev
Rosh Chodesh Tevet Sa Beginning of new Hebrew month of Tevet
Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat M Beginning of new Hebrew month of Sh'vat
Rosh Chodesh Adar Tu Beginning of new Hebrew month of Adar
Rosh Chodesh Adar II Beginning of new Hebrew month of Adar II (on leap years)
Rosh Chodesh Nisan Th Beginning of new Hebrew month of Nisan
Rosh Chodesh Iyyar F Beginning of new Hebrew month of Iyyar
Rosh Chodesh Sivan Su Beginning of new Hebrew month of Sivan
Rosh Chodesh Tamuz M Beginning of new Hebrew month of Tamuz
Rosh Chodesh Av W Beginning of new Hebrew month of Av
Rosh Chodesh Elul Th Beginning of new Hebrew month of Elul