Posted by & filed under News.

Chile will not change clocks in April 2015 or thereafter; its new standard time will be its old daylight saving time. We have updated Hebcal’s candle-lighting times engine to reflect the change.

If you downloaded or printed candle-lighting times for Santiago or any other city in Chile, be sure to re-download sometime before Pesach.

Posted by & filed under Observance.

In general, Jewish Holidays begin the evening before the date specified. This is because the Jewish day actually begins at sundown on the previous night. Sometimes, for clarity, the Erev holiday is also included to indicate that the holiday begins the evening before.

For example, in the April 2015 calendar below, Erev Pesach is listed as April 3rd and the first day of Pesach is listed as April 4th. This means that the holiday of Pesach begins on the evening on April 3rd.

And, Rosh Chodesh Iyyar is listed on April 19. This means that Rosh Chodesh begins on the evening of April 18, even though the Erev is not explicitly mentioned on the calendar.

April 2015

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
1 2 3









12 13 14 15 16

17 18


21 22


24 25
26 27 28 29 30

Minor fasts (Tzom GedaliahAsara B’TevetTa’anit EstherTa’anit Bechorot, and Tzom Tammuz) begin at dawn. Major fasts (Yom Kippur and Tish’a B’Av) begin the evening before.

Posted by & filed under Developers, APIs, RSS Feeds, Source Code.

To display a Jewish calendar on your website, you can use event data from and the open source JavaScript event calendar from

First, you’ll want to start by including the CSS and JS in your header, per the FullCalendar Basic Usage.

Then, for the events configuration, use a url that references our Jewish calendar REST API, but change cfg=json to cfg=fc.

You won’t need to specify a year=YYYY parameter, as the script automatically sends start=YYYY-MM-DD and end=YYYY-MM-DD parameters for you.

For best performance, be sure to use cache: true.

Here’s the FullCalendar invocation:

If you’d like to include candle-lighting times for Shabbat and holidays, be sure to adjust the url parameter to include c=on and one of the location fields (such as geonameid=3448439 for São Paulo, Brazil).

We recommend some specific styles to make the page look prettier:

Here’s a complete example that uses the aforementioned JS + CSS, and also includes the necessary stuff to load and dependencies via CDN:

Posted by & filed under Candle lighting.

Hebcal offers a way to specify candle-lighting times location by latitude and longitude for remote or less-populated areas.

Hebcal supports already over 45,000 world cities. Just search for the name of any world city with population 5,000+. However, if you can’t find what you’re looking for in our location database, here’s how you could find candle-lighting times for a specific location.

Example: Ixiamas, Bolivia.

  1. Go to the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names at
  2. Type “Ixiamas” in the Find box and click “Search” button
  3. Click on the link that says “Ixiamas… inhabited place”
  4. Note the latitude/longitude represented in “degrees minutes direction” (in the example of Ixiamas, La Paz, Bolivia it is Lat: 13 45 S and Long: 068 10 W) and write this information down on a sheet of paper
  5. Visit the Hebcal Custom Calendar latitude/longitude page at;geo=pos
  6. Type the latitude and longitude into the form (13 degrees, 45 minutes South Latitude, 68 degrees 10 minutes West Longitude)
  7. Select the Time zone option specific to your location (see Wikipedia’s List of tz database time zones)
  8. Click “Get Calendar” button at the bottom of the form

Posted by & filed under Download - Microsoft Outlook.

Follow these instructions to add a Hebcal Jewish holiday calendar 5-year feed to older versions of Microsoft Outlook.

First, you’ll need to download an Outlook CSV (Comma-separated values) file from

  1. Open a web browser on your Microsoft Windows computer.
    1. to download holidays and candle-lighting times, navigate to
    2. OR, to download Yahrzeit + Anniversary calendar, navigate to to
  2. Fill out the form with your preferences and click the Create Calendar button
  3. Click the Download… button
    Jewish_Calendar_2017_Providence___Hebcal_Jewish_Calendar 478px
  4. Select the CSV option from the Download dialog box
    CSV Jewish calendar download dialog box
  5. In the dialog box, select one of the two Download buttons – either Outlook CSV – USA date format (month/day/year) or Outlook CSV – European date format (day/month/year) (depending on whether you want USA or European date formats).
  6. When prompted, specify a convenient name and location for the hebcal_DATE_LOCATION.csv file in the “Save As” dialogue box. We recommend saving the file on the Desktop

Next, import that file into Outlook:

  1. Open Microsoft Outlook
  2. Select the File -> Import and Export… menu option
  3. Select “Import from another program or file” and click Next
  4. Select “Comma Separated Values (Windows)” and click Next
  5. Find the hebcal_DATE_LOCATION.csv file you downloaded and select “Do not import duplicate items” and click Next
  6. Select Calendar and click Next. This will import your chosen file
  7. (optional) Synchronize your Pocket PC or Palm handheld with Outlook

For specific instructions for a particular version of Outlook, please see the “How to Import Text Data” section of one of these articles:

Included in the Hebcal Jewish holiday downloads are options to select major holidays (Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur, Pesach, etc.), minor holidays (Purim, Chanukah, etc.), special Shabbatot, public fasts (Tish’a B’Av, etc.), Rosh Chodesh, and modern holidays (Yom HaAtzma’ut, etc.).